Calibration of Drive Non-Linearity for Arbitrary-Angle Single-Qubit Gates Using Error Amplification

  1. Stefania Lazăr,
  2. Quentin Ficheux,
  3. Johannes Herrmann,
  4. Ants Remm,
  5. Nathan Lacroix,
  6. Christoph Hellings,
  7. Francois Swiadek,
  8. Dante Colao Zanuz,
  9. Graham J. Norris,
  10. Mohsen Bahrami Panah,
  11. Alexander Flasby,
  12. Michael Kerschbaum,
  13. Jean-Claude Besse,
  14. Christopher Eichler,
  15. and Andreas Wallraff
The ability to execute high-fidelity operations is crucial to scaling up quantum devices to large numbers of qubits. However, signal distortions originating from non-linear components
in the control lines can limit the performance of single-qubit gates. In this work, we use a measurement based on error amplification to characterize and correct the small single-qubit rotation errors originating from the non-linear scaling of the qubit drive rate with the amplitude of the programmed pulse. With our hardware, and for a 15-ns pulse, the rotation angles deviate by up to several degrees from a linear model. Using purity benchmarking, we find that control errors reach 2×10−4, which accounts for half of the total gate error. Using cross-entropy benchmarking, we demonstrate arbitrary-angle single-qubit gates with coherence-limited errors of 2×10−4 and leakage below 6×10−5. While the exact magnitude of these errors is specific to our setup, the presented method is applicable to any source of non-linearity. Our work shows that the non-linearity of qubit drive line components imposes a limit on the fidelity of single-qubit gates, independent of improvements in coherence times, circuit design, or leakage mitigation when not corrected for.

Realizing Quantum Convolutional Neural Networks on a Superconducting Quantum Processor to Recognize Quantum Phases

  1. Johannes Herrmann,
  2. Sergi Masot Llima,
  3. Ants Remm,
  4. Petr Zapletal,
  5. Nathan A. McMahon,
  6. Colin Scarato,
  7. Francois Swiadek,
  8. Christian Kraglund Andersen,
  9. Christoph Hellings,
  10. Sebastian Krinner,
  11. Nathan Lacroix,
  12. Stefania Lazar,
  13. Michael Kerschbaum,
  14. Dante Colao Zanuz,
  15. Graham J. Norris,
  16. Michael J. Hartmann,
  17. Andreas Wallraff,
  18. and Christopher Eichler
Quantum computing crucially relies on the ability to efficiently characterize the quantum states output by quantum hardware. Conventional methods which probe these states through direct
measurements and classically computed correlations become computationally expensive when increasing the system size. Quantum neural networks tailored to recognize specific features of quantum states by combining unitary operations, measurements and feedforward promise to require fewer measurements and to tolerate errors. Here, we realize a quantum convolutional neural network (QCNN) on a 7-qubit superconducting quantum processor to identify symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases of a spin model characterized by a non-zero string order parameter. We benchmark the performance of the QCNN based on approximate ground states of a family of cluster-Ising Hamiltonians which we prepare using a hardware-efficient, low-depth state preparation circuit. We find that, despite being composed of finite-fidelity gates itself, the QCNN recognizes the topological phase with higher fidelity than direct measurements of the string order parameter for the prepared states.