Quantum-circuit refrigeration of a superconducting microwave resonator well below a single quantum

  1. Arto Viitanen,
  2. Timm Mörstedt,
  3. Wallace S. Teixeira,
  4. Maaria Tiiri,
  5. Jukka Räbinä,
  6. Matti Silveri,
  7. and Mikko Möttönen
We experimentally demonstrate a recently proposed single-junction quantum-circuit refrigerator (QCR) as an in-situ-tunable low-temperature environment for a superconducting 4.7-GHz
resonator. With the help of a transmon qubit, we measure the populations of the different resonator Fock states, thus providing reliable access to the temperature of the engineered electromagnetic environment and its effect on the resonator. We demonstrate coherent and thermal resonator states and that the on-demand dissipation provided by the QCR can drive these to a small fraction of a photon on average, even if starting above 1 K. We observe that the QCR can be operated either with a dc bias voltage or a gigahertz rf drive, or a combination of these. The bandwidth of the rf drive is not limited by the circuit itself and consequently, we show that 2.9-GHz continuous and 10-ns-pulsed drives lead to identical desired refrigeration of the resonator. These observations answer to the shortcomings of previous works where the Fock states were not resolvable and the QCR exhibited slow charging dynamics. Thus this work introduces a versatile tool to study open quantum systems, quantum thermodynamics, and to quickly reset superconducting qubits.

Long-distance transmon coupler with CZ gate fidelity above 99.8%

  1. Fabian Marxer,
  2. Antti Vepsäläinen,
  3. Shan W. Jolin,
  4. Jani Tuorila,
  5. Alessandro Landra,
  6. Caspar Ockeloen-Korppi,
  7. Wei Liu,
  8. Olli Ahonen,
  9. Adrian Auer,
  10. Lucien Belzane,
  11. Ville Bergholm,
  12. Chun Fai Chan,
  13. Kok Wai Chan,
  14. Tuukka Hiltunen,
  15. Juho Hotari,
  16. Eric Hyyppä,
  17. Joni Ikonen,
  18. David Janzso,
  19. Miikka Koistinen,
  20. Janne Kotilahti,
  21. Tianyi Li,
  22. Jyrgen Luus,
  23. Miha Papic,
  24. Matti Partanen,
  25. Jukka Räbinä,
  26. Jari Rosti,
  27. Mykhailo Savytskyi,
  28. Marko Seppälä,
  29. Vasilii Sevriuk,
  30. Eelis Takala,
  31. Brian Tarasinski,
  32. Manish J. Thapa,
  33. Francesca Tosto,
  34. Natalia Vorobeva,
  35. Liuqi Yu,
  36. Kuan Yen Tan,
  37. Juha Hassel,
  38. Mikko Möttönen,
  39. and Johannes Heinsoo
Tunable coupling of superconducting qubits has been widely studied due to its importance for isolated gate operations in scalable quantum processor architectures. Here, we demonstrate
a tunable qubit-qubit coupler based on a floating transmon device which allows us to place qubits at least 2 mm apart from each other while maintaining over 50 MHz coupling between the coupler and the qubits. In the introduced tunable-coupler design, both the qubit-qubit and the qubit-coupler couplings are mediated by two waveguides instead of relying on direct capacitive couplings between the components, reducing the impact of the qubit-qubit distance on the couplings. This leaves space for each qubit to have an individual readout resonator and a Purcell filter needed for fast high-fidelity readout. In addition, the large qubit-qubit distance reduces unwanted non-nearest neighbor coupling and allows multiple control lines to cross over the structure with minimal crosstalk. Using the proposed flexible and scalable architecture, we demonstrate a controlled-Z gate with (99.81±0.02)% fidelity.