As transmon based superconducting qubit architectures are one of the most promising candidates for the realization of large-scale quantum computation, it is crucial to know what are
the main sources of the error in the implemented quantum gates. In this work we make a realistic assessment of the contributions of physical error sources to the infidelities of both single and two-qubit gates, where we focus on the non-adiabatic implementation of the CZ gate with tunable couplers. We consider all relevant noise sources, including non-Markovian noise, electronics imperfections and the effect of tunable couplers to the error of the computation. Furthermore, we provide a learning based framework that allows to extract the contribution of each noise source to the infidelity of a series of gates with a small number of experimental measurements.
Tunable coupling of superconducting qubits has been widely studied due to its importance for isolated gate operations in scalable quantum processor architectures. Here, we demonstrate
a tunable qubit-qubit coupler based on a floating transmon device which allows us to place qubits at least 2 mm apart from each other while maintaining over 50 MHz coupling between the coupler and the qubits. In the introduced tunable-coupler design, both the qubit-qubit and the qubit-coupler couplings are mediated by two waveguides instead of relying on direct capacitive couplings between the components, reducing the impact of the qubit-qubit distance on the couplings. This leaves space for each qubit to have an individual readout resonator and a Purcell filter needed for fast high-fidelity readout. In addition, the large qubit-qubit distance reduces unwanted non-nearest neighbor coupling and allows multiple control lines to cross over the structure with minimal crosstalk. Using the proposed flexible and scalable architecture, we demonstrate a controlled-Z gate with (99.81±0.02)% fidelity.