A Charge-Noise Insensitive Chiral Photonic Interface for Waveguide Circuit QED

  1. Yu-Xiang Zhang,
  2. Carles R. i Carceller,
  3. Morten Kjaergaard,
  4. and Anders S. Sørensen
A chiral photonic interface is a quantum system that has different probabilities for emitting photons to the left and right. An on-chip compatible chiral interface is attractive for
both fundamental studies of light-matter interactions and applications to quantum information processing. We propose such a chiral interface based on superconducting circuits, which has wide bandwidth, rich tunability, and high tolerance to fabrication variations. The proposed interface consists of a core that uses Cooper-pair-boxes (CPBs) to break time-reversal symmetry, and two superconducting transmons which connect the core to a waveguide in the manner reminiscent of a „giant atom“. The transmons form a state decoupled from the core, akin to dark state of atomic physics, rendering the whole interface insensitive to the CPB charge noise. The proposed interface can be extended to realize a broadband fully passive on-chip circulator for microwave photons.

Electro-optomechanical equivalent circuits for quantum transduction

  1. Emil Zeuthen,
  2. Albert Schliesser,
  3. Jacob M. Taylor,
  4. and Anders S. Sørensen
Using the techniques of optomechanics, a high-Q mechanical oscillator may serve as a link between electromagnetic modes of vastly different frequencies. This approach has successfully
been exploited for the frequency conversion of classical signals and has the potential of performing quantum state transfer between superconducting circuitry and a traveling optical signal. Such transducers are often operated in a linear regime, where the hybrid system can be described using linear response theory based on the Heisenberg-Langevin equations. While mathematically straightforward to solve, this approach yields little intuition about the dynamics of the hybrid system to aid the optimization of the transducer. As an analysis and design tool for such electro-optomechanical transducers, we introduce an equivalent circuit formalism, where the entire transducer is represented by an electrical circuit. Thereby we integrate the transduction functionality of optomechanical (OM) systems into the toolbox of electrical engineering allowing the use of its well-established design techniques. This unifying impedance description can be applied both for static (DC) and harmonically varying (AC) drive fields, accommodates arbitrary linear circuits, and is not restricted to the resolved-sideband regime. Furthermore, by establishing the quantized input/output formalism for the equivalent circuit, we obtain the scattering matrix for linear transducers using circuit analysis, and thereby have a complete quantum mechanical characterization of the transducer. Hence, this mapping of the entire transducer to the language of electrical engineering both sheds light on how the transducer performs and can at the same time be used to optimize its performance by aiding the design of a suitable electrical circuit.

Floquet quantum simulation with superconducting qubits

  1. Oleksandr Kyriienko,
  2. and Anders S. Sørensen
We propose a quantum algorithm for simulating spin models based on periodic modulation of transmon qubits. Using Floquet theory we derive an effective time-averaged Hamiltonian, which
is of the general XYZ class, different from the isotropic XY Hamiltonian typically realised by the physical setup. As an example, we provide a simple recipe to construct a transverse Ising Hamiltonian in the Floquet basis. For a 1D system we demonstrate numerically the dynamical simulation of the transverse Ising Hamiltonian and quantum annealing to its ground state. We benchmark the Floquet approach with a digital simulation procedure, and demonstrate that it is advantageous for limited resources and finite anharmonicity of the transmons. The described protocol can serve as a simple yet reliable path towards configurable quantum simulators with currently existing superconducting chips.

Interfacing superconducting qubits and single optical photons

  1. Sumanta Das,
  2. Sanli Faez,
  3. and Anders S. Sørensen
We propose an efficient light-matter interface at optical frequencies between a superconducting qubit and a single photon. The desired interface is based on a hybrid architecture composed
of an organic molecule embedded inside an optical waveguide and electrically coupled to a superconducting qubit far from the optical axis. We show that high fidelity, photon-mediated, entanglement between distant superconducting qubits can be achieved with incident pulses at the single photon level. Such low light level is highly sought for to overcome the decoherence of the superconducting qubit caused by absorption of optical photons.

Continuous wave single photon transistor based on a superconducting circuit

  1. Oleksandr Kyriienko,
  2. and Anders S. Sørensen
We propose a microwave frequency single photon transistor which can operate under continuous wave probing, and represents an efficient single microwave photon detector. It can be realized
using an impedance matched system of a three level artificial ladder-type atom coupled to two microwave cavities connected to input/output waveguides. Using classical drive on the upper transition, we find the parameter space where a single photon control pulse incident on one of cavities can be fully absorbed into hybridized excited states. This subsequently leads to series of quantum jumps in the upper manifold and the appearance of a photon flux leaving the second cavity through a separate input/output port. The proposal does not require time variation of the probe signals, thus corresponding to a passive version of single photon transistor. The resulting device is robust to qubit dephasing processes, possesses low dark count rate, and can be readily implemented using current technology.

A single photon transistor based on superconducting systems

  1. Marco T. Manzoni,
  2. Florentin Reiter,
  3. Jacob Taylor,
  4. and Anders S. Sørensen
We present a realistic scheme for how to construct a single-photon transistor where the presence or absence of a single microwave photon controls the propagation of a subsequent strong
signal signal field. The proposal is designed to work with existing superconducting artificial atoms coupled to cavities. We study analytically and numerically the efficiency and the gain of our proposal and show that current transmon qubits allow for error probabilities ~1% and gains of the order of hundreds.

Steady state entanglement of two superconducting qubits engineered by dissipation

  1. Florentin Reiter,
  2. L. Tornberg,
  3. Göran Johansson,
  4. and Anders S. Sørensen
We present a scheme for dissipative preparation of an entangled steady state of two superconducting qubits in a circuit QED setup. Combining resonator photon loss, a dissipative process
already present in the setup, with an effective two-photon microwave drive, we engineer an effective decay mechanism which prepares a maximally entangled state of the two qubits. This state is then maintained as the steady state of the driven, dissipative evolution. The performance of the dissipative state preparation protocol is studied analytically and verified numerically. In view of the experimental implementation of the presented scheme we investigate the effects of potential experimental imperfections and show that our scheme is robust to small deviations in the parameters. We find that high fidelities with the target state can be achieved both with state-of-the-art 3D, as well as with the more commonly used 2D transmons. The promising results of our study thus open a route for the demonstration of an entangled steady state in circuit QED.