Broadband continuous variable entanglement generation using Kerr-free Josephson metamaterial

  1. Michael Perelshtein,
  2. Kirill Petrovnin,
  3. Visa Vesterinen,
  4. Sina Hamedani Raja,
  5. Ilari Lilja,
  6. Marco Will,
  7. Alexander Savin,
  8. Slawomir Simbierowicz,
  9. Robab Jabdaraghi,
  10. Janne Lehtinen,
  11. Leif Grönberg,
  12. Juha Hassel,
  13. Mika Prunnila,
  14. Joonas Govenius,
  15. Sorin Paraoanu,
  16. and Pertti Hakonen
Entangled microwave photons form a fundamental resource for quantum information processing and sensing with continuous variables. We use a low-loss Josephson metamaterial comprising
superconducting non-linear asymmetric inductive elements to generate frequency (colour) entangled photons from vacuum fluctuations at a rate of 11 mega entangled bits per second with a potential rate above gigabit per second. The device is operated as a traveling wave parametric amplifier under Kerr-relieving biasing conditions. Furthermore, we realize the first successfully demonstration of single-mode squeezing in such devices – 2.4±0.7 dB below the zero-point level at half of modulation frequency.

Superadiabatic population transfer by loop driving and synthetic gauges in a superconducting circuit

  1. Antti Vepsäläinen,
  2. Sergey Danilin,
  3. and Sorin Paraoanu
The achievement of fast and error-insensitive control of quantum systems is a primary goal in quantum information science. Here we use the first three levels of a transmon superconducting
circuit to realize a loop driving scheme, with all three possible pairs of states coupled by pulsed microwave tones. In this configuration, we implement a superadiabatic protocol for population transfer, where two couplings produce the standard stimulated Raman adiabatic passage, while the third is a counterdiabatic field which suppresses the nonadiabatic excitations. We demonstrate that the population can be controlled by the synthetic gauge-invariant phase around the loop as well as by the amplitudes of the three pulses. The technique enables fast operation, with transfer times approaching the quantum speed limit, and it is remarkably robust against errors in the shape of the pulses.