Low-loss high-impedance circuit for quantum transduction between optical and microwave photons

  1. Yuta Tsuchimoto,
  2. and Martin Kroner
Quantum transducers between microwave and optical photons are essential for long-distance quantum networks based on superconducting qubits. An optically active self-assembled quantum
dot molecule (QDM) is an attractive platform for the implementation of a quantum transducer because an exciton in a QDM can be efficiently coupled to both optical and microwave fields at the single-photon level. Recently, the transduction between microwave and optical photons has been demonstrated with a QDM integrated with a superconducting resonator. In this paper, we present a design of a QD-high impedance resonator device with a low microwave loss and an expected large single-microwave photon coupling strength of 100s of MHz. We integrate self-assembled QDs onto a high-impedance superconducting resonator using a transfer printing technique and demonstrate a low-microwave loss rate of 1.8 MHz and gate tunability of the QDs. The microwave loss rate is much lower than the expected QDM-resonator coupling strength as well as the typical transmon-resonator coupling strength. This feature will facilitate efficient quantum transduction between an optical and microwave qubit.

Large-bandwidth transduction between an optical single quantum-dot molecule and a superconducting resonator

  1. Yuta Tsuchimoto,
  2. Zhe Sun,
  3. Emre Togan,
  4. Stefan Fält,
  5. Werner Wegscheider,
  6. Andreas Wallraff,
  7. Klaus Ensslin,
  8. Ataç İmamoğlu,
  9. and Martin Kroner
Quantum transduction between the microwave and optical domains is an outstanding challenge for long-distance quantum networks based on superconducting qubits. For all transducers realized
to date, the generally weak light-matter coupling does not allow high transduction efficiency, large bandwidth, and low noise simultaneously. Here we show that a large electric dipole moment of an exciton in an optically active self-assembled quantum dot molecule (QDM) efficiently couples to a microwave field inside a superconducting resonator, allowing for efficient transduction between microwave and optical photons. Furthermore, every transduction event is heralded by a single-photon pulse generated at the QDM resonance, which can be used to generate entanglement between distant qubits. With an on-chip device, we demonstrate a sizeable single-photon coupling strength of 16 MHz. Thanks to the fast exciton decay rate in the QDM, the transduction bandwidth reaches several 100s of MHz.

Quantum interface between photonic and superconducting qubits

  1. Yuta Tsuchimoto,
  2. Patrick Knüppel,
  3. Aymeric Delteil,
  4. Zhe Sun,
  5. Martin Kroner,
  6. and Ataç Imamoğlu
We show that optically active coupled quantum dots embedded in a superconducting microwave cavity can be used to realize a fast quantum interface between photonic and transmon qubits.
Single photon absorption by a coupled quantum dot results in generation of a large electric dipole, which in turn ensures efficient coupling to the microwave cavity. Using cavity parameters achieved in prior experiments, we estimate that bi-directional microwave-optics conversion in nanosecond timescales with efficiencies approaching unity is experimentally feasible with current technology. We also outline a protocol for in-principle deterministic quantum state transfer from a time-bin photonic qubit to a transmon qubit. Recent advances in quantum dot based quantum photonics technologies indicate that the scheme we propose could play a central role in connecting quantum nodes incorporating cavity-coupled superconducting qubits.