Microwave-activated gates between a fluxonium and a transmon qubit

  1. Alessandro Ciani,
  2. Boris M. Varbanov,
  3. Nicolas Jolly,
  4. Christian K. Andersen,
  5. and Barbara M. Terhal
We propose and analyze two types of microwave-activated gates between a fluxonium and a transmon qubit, namely a cross-resonance (CR) and a CPHASE gate. The large frequency difference
between a transmon and a fluxonium makes the realization of a two-qubit gate challenging. For a medium-frequency fluxonium qubit, the transmon-fluxonium system allows for a cross-resonance effect mediated by the higher levels of the fluxonium over a wide range of transmon frequencies. This allows one to realize the cross-resonance gate by driving the fluxonium at the transmon frequency, mitigating typical problems of the cross-resonance gate in transmon-transmon chips related to frequency targeting and residual ZZ coupling. However, when the fundamental frequency of the fluxonium enters the low-frequency regime below 100 MHz, the cross-resonance effect decreases leading to long gate times. For this range of parameters, a fast microwave CPHASE gate can be implemented using the higher levels of the fluxonium. In both cases, we perform numerical simulations of the gate showing that a gate fidelity above 99% can be obtained with gate times between 100 and 300 ns. Next to a detailed gate analysis, we perform a study of chip yield for a surface code lattice of fluxonia and transmons interacting via the proposed cross-resonance gate. We find a much better yield as compared to a transmon-only architecture with the cross-resonance gate as native two-qubit gate.

Stoquasticity in circuit-QED

  1. Alessandro Ciani,
  2. and Barbara M. Terhal
We analyze whether circuit-QED Hamiltonians are stoquastic focusing on systems of coupled flux qubits: we show that scalable sign-problem free path integral Monte Carlo simulations
can typically be performed for such systems. Despite this, we corroborate the recent finding [1] that an effective, non-stoquastic qubit Hamiltonian can emerge in a system of capacitively coupled flux qubits. We find that if the capacitive coupling is sufficiently small, this non-stoquasticity of the effective qubit Hamiltonian can be avoided if we perform a canonical transformation prior to projecting onto an effective qubit Hamiltonian. Our results shed light on the power of circuit-QED Hamiltonians for the use of quantum adiabatic computation and the subtlety of finding a representation which cures the sign problem in these systems

Hardware-Encoding Grid States in a Non-Reciprocal Superconducting Circuit

  1. Martin Rymarz,
  2. Stefano Bosco,
  3. Alessandro Ciani,
  4. and David P. DiVincenzo
We present a circuit design composed of a non-reciprocal device and Josephson junctions whose ground space is doubly degenerate and the ground states are approximate codewords of the
Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill (GKP) code. We determine the low-energy dynamics of the circuit by working out the equivalence of this system to the problem of a single electron confined in a two-dimensional plane and under the effect of strong magnetic field and of a periodic potential. We find that the circuit is naturally protected against the common noise channels in superconducting circuits, such as charge and flux noise, implying that it can be used for passive quantum error correction. We also propose realistic design parameters for an experimental realization and we describe possible protocols to perform logical one- and two-qubit gates, state preparation and readout.

Hamiltonian quantum computing with superconducting qubits

  1. Alessandro Ciani,
  2. Barbara Maria Terhal,
  3. and David Peter DiVincenzo
can be implemented using a 2D array of superconducting transmon qubits. We show how the scheme requires the"]engineering of strong attractive cross-Kerr and weak flip-flop or hopping interactions and we detail how this can be achieved. Our proposal uses a new electric circuit for obtaining the attractive cross-Kerr coupling between transmons via a dipole-like element. We discuss and numerically analyze the forward motion and execution of the computation and its dependence on coupling strengths and their variability. We extend [1] by explicitly showing how to construct a direct Toffoli gate, thus establishing computational universality via the Hadamard and Toffoli gate or via controlled- Hadamard, Hadamard and CNOT.

Three-qubit direct dispersive parity measurement with Tunable Coupling Qubits

  1. Alessandro Ciani,
  2. and David DiVincenzo
We consider the direct three-qubit parity measurement scheme with two measurement resonators, using circuit quantum electrodynamics to analyze its functioning for several different
types of superconducting qubits. We find that for the most common, transmon-like qubit, the presence of additional qubit-state dependent coupling terms of the two resonators hinders the possibility of performing the direct parity measurement. We show how this problem can be solved by employing the Tunable Coupling Qubit (TCQ) in a particular designed configuration. In this case, we effectively engineer the original model Hamiltonian by cancelling the harmful terms. We further develop an analysis of the measurement in terms of information gains and provide some estimates of the typical parameters for optimal operation with TCQs.