I am going to post here all newly submitted articles on the arXiv related to superconducting circuits. If your article has been accidentally forgotten, feel free to contact me

07
Jun
2018

# Ultra-precision DC source for Superconducting Quantum Computer

The Superconducting Quantum Computing (SQC) is one of the most promising quantum computing techniques. The SQC requires precise control and acquisition to operate the superconducting

qubits. The ultra-precision DC source is used to provide a DC bias for the qubit to work at its operation point. With the development of the multi-qubit processor, to use the commercial precise DC source device is impossible for its large volume occupation. We present our ultra-precision DC source which is designed for SQC experiments in this paper. The DC source contains 12 channels in 1U 19~inch crate. The performances of our DC source strongly beat the commercial devices. The output rang is -7~V to +7~V with 20~mA maximum output current. The Vpp of the output noise is 3~uV, and the standard deviation is 0.497~uV. The temperature coefficient is less than 1~ppm/
∘
C in 14~V range. The primary results show that the total drift of the output within 48h at an A/C room temperature environment is 40~uV which equal to 2.9~ppm/48h. We are still trying to optimize the channel density and long-term drift / stability.

05
Jun
2018

# A tunable quantum dissipator for active resonator reset in circuit QED

We propose a method for fast, deterministic resonator reset based on tunable dissipative modes. The dissipator is based on a Josephson junction with relatively low quality factor. When

the dissipator is tuned into resonance with a high quality microwave resonator, resonator photons are absorbed by the dissipator at a rate orders of magnitude faster than the resonator relaxation rate. We determine the optimal parameters for realization of the tunable dissipator, and examine application of the dissipator to removing spurious photon population in the qubit readout resonator in circuit quantum electrodynamics. We show that even in the nonlinear large photon occupation regime, this enhanced resonator decay rate can be attained by appropriate modulation of the dissipator frequency.

31
Mai
2018

# Lattice gauge fields via modulation in circuit QED: The bosonic Creutz ladder

In this work we propose two protocols to make an effective gauge potential for microwave photons in circuit QED. The schemes consist of coupled transmons whose flux are harmonically

modulated in time. We investigate the effect of various types of capacitive and inductive couplings, and the role of the fixed phase offset of each site on the complex coupling rate between coupled qubits. These configurations can be directly realised in a superconducting circuit and is easily extendable to a scalable lattice. Due to the intrinsic non-linearity of the transmon qubits such lattices would be an ideal platform for simulating Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonians with non-trivial gauge fields.

28
Mai
2018

# Tunable coupling between a superconducting resonator and an artificial atom

Coherent manipulation of a quantum system is one of the main themes in current physics researches. In this work, we design a circuit QED system with a tunable coupling between an artificial

atom and a superconducting resonator while keeping the cavity frequency and the atomic frequency invariant. By controlling the time dependence of the external magnetic flux, we show that it is possible to tune the interaction from the extremely weak coupling regime to the ultrastrong coupling one. Using the quantum perturbation theory, we obtain the coupling strength as a function of the external magnetic flux. In order to show its reliability in the fields of quantum simulation and quantum computing, we study its sensitivity to noises.

# Experimental demonstration of work fluctuations along a shortcut to adiabaticity with a superconducting Xmon qubit

In a `shortcut-to-adiabaticity‘ (STA) protocol, the counter-diabatic Hamiltonian, which suppresses the non-adiabatic transition of a reference `adiabatic‘ trajectory, induces

a quantum uncertainty of the work cost in the framework of quantum thermodynamics. Following a theory derived recently [Funo et al 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 100602], we perform an experimental measurement of the STA work statistics in a high-quality superconducting Xmon qubit. Through the frozen-Hamiltonian and frozen-population techniques, we experimentally realize the two-point measurement of the work distribution for given initial eigenstates. Our experimental statistics verify (i) the conservation of the average STA work and (ii) the equality between the STA excess of work fluctuations and the quantum geometric tensor.

25
Mai
2018

# Dynamical Casimir effect in a double tunable superconducting cavity

We present an analytical and numerical analysis of the particle creation in a cavity ended with two SQUIDs, both subjected to time dependent magnetic fields. In the linear and lossless

regime, the problem can be modeled by a free quantum field in
1+1
dimensions, in the presence of boundary conditions that involve a time dependent linear combination of the field and its spatial and time derivatives. We consider a situation in which the boundary conditions at both ends are periodic functions of time, focusing on interesting features as the dependence of the rate of particle creation with the characteristics of the spectrum of the cavity, the conditions needed for parametric resonance, and interference phenomena due to simultaneous time dependence of the boundary conditions. We point out several concrete effects that could be tested experimentally

22
Mai
2018

# Quantum probe of an on-chip broadband interferometer for quantum microwave photonics

Quantum microwave photonics aims at generating, routing, and manipulating propagating quantum microwave fields in the spirit of optical photonics. To this end, the strong nonlinearities

of superconducting quantum circuits can be used to either improve or move beyond the implementation of concepts from the optical domain. In this context, the design of a well-controlled broadband environment for the superconducting quantum circuits is a central task. In this work, we place a superconducting transmon qubit in one arm of an on-chip Mach-Zehnder interferometer composed of two superconducting microwave beam splitters. By measuring its relaxation and dephasing rates we use the qubit as a sensitive spectrometer at the quantum level to probe the broadband electromagnetic environment. At high frequencies, this environment can be well described by an ensemble of harmonic oscillators coupled to the transmon qubit. At low frequencies, we find experimental evidence for colored quasi-static Gaussian noise with a high spectral weight, as it is typical for ensembles of two-level fluctuators. Our work paves the way towards possible applications of propagating microwave photons, such as emulating quantum impurity models or a novel architecture for quantum information processing.

# Probing higher-order transitions through scattering of microwave photons in the ultrastrong-coupling regime of circuit QED

Higher-order transitions can occur in the ultrastrong-coupling regime of circuit QED through virtual processes governed by the counter-rotating interactions. We propose a feasible way

to probe higher-order transitions through the scattering of propagating microwave photons incident on the hybrid qubit-cavity system. The lineshapes in the scattering spectra can indicate the coherent interaction between the qubits and the cavity, and the higher-order transitions can be identified in the population spectra. We further find that if the coupling strengths between the two qubits and the cavity are tuned to be asymmetric, the dark antisymmetric state with the Fano-lineshape can also be detected from the variations in the scattering spectra.

19
Mai
2018

# Strongly driven quantum Josephson circuits

Radio Frequency driven Josephson circuits provide a rich platform to engineer a variety of nonlinear Hamiltonians for superconducting quantum circuits. While Josephson junctions mediate

strong interactions between microwave photons, some particular types of interaction Hamiltonians can only be obtained through the application of microwave drives (pumps) at well-chosen frequencies. For various applications, it is important to increase the pump strength without introducing undesired couplings and interferences that limit the fidelity of the operations. In this Letter, we analyze these limitations through the theoretical study of the steady state behavior of the driven-dissipative systems. Our general analysis, based on the Floquet-Markov theory, indicates that the ubiquitous circuit consisting of a transmon coupled to a harmonic oscillator suffers from strong limitations in this regard. In accordance with a parallel experimental study, we find that above a fairly low critical pump power the transmon state escapes the Josephson potential confinement and is sent to a statistical mixture of free-particle like states. Next, we illustrate that by diluting the non-linearity of the Josephson junction through a parallel inductive shunt, the picture changes significantly and one achieves very large dynamic ranges in the pump power. This theoretical study provides the ground for drastic modifications in Josephson circuit designs to be used in parametric Hamiltonian engineering experiments.

17
Mai
2018

# Quantum Zeno effect: A possible resolution to the leakage problem in superconducting quantum computing architectures

We propose to use the continuous version of the quantum Zeno effect to eliminate leakage to higher energy states in superconducting quantum computing architectures based on Josephson

phase and flux qubits. We are particularly interested in the application of this approach to the single-step Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state protocol described in [A. Galiautdinov and J. M. Martinis, Phys. Rev. A 78, 010305(R) (2008)]. While being conceptually appealing, the protocol was found to be plagued with a number of spectral crowding and leakage problems. Here we argue that by coupling the qubits to a measuring device which continuously monitors leakage to higher energy states (say, to a very lossy resonator of frequency omega = E3(qubit)-E1(qubit), with 1 labeling the ground state of the qubit), we could potentially restrict the multi-qubit system’s evolution to its computational subspace, thus circumventing the above mentioned problems.