I am going to post here all newly submitted articles on the arXiv related to superconducting circuits. If your article has been accidentally forgotten, feel free to contact me

02
Dez
2020

# Microwave Package Design for Superconducting Quantum Processors

Solid-state qubits with transition frequencies in the microwave regime, such as superconducting qubits, are at the forefront of quantum information processing. However, high-fidelity,

simultaneous control of superconducting qubits at even a moderate scale remains a challenge, partly due to the complexities of packaging these devices. Here, we present an approach to microwave package design focusing on material choices, signal line engineering, and spurious mode suppression. We describe design guidelines validated using simulations and measurements used to develop a 24-port microwave package. Analyzing the qubit environment reveals no spurious modes up to 11GHz. The material and geometric design choices enable the package to support qubits with lifetimes exceeding 350 {\mu}s. The microwave package design guidelines presented here address many issues relevant for near-term quantum processors.

# Topological two-dimensional Floquet lattice on a single superconducting qubit

Previous theoretical and experimental research has shown that current NISQ devices constitute powerful platforms for analogue quantum simulation. With the exquisite level of control

offered by state-of-the-art quantum computers, we show that one can go further and implement a wide class of Floquet Hamiltonians, or timedependent Hamiltonians in general. We then implement a single-qubit version of these models in the IBM Quantum Experience and experimentally realize a temporal version of the Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang Chern insulator. From our data we can infer the presence of a topological transition, thus realizing an earlier proposal of topological frequency conversion by Martin, Refael, and Halperin. Our study highlights promises and limitations when studying many-body systems through multi-frequency driving of quantum computers.

# Transmon in a semi-infinite high-impedance transmission line — appearance of cavity modes and Rabi oscillations

In this letter, we investigate the dynamics of a single superconducting artificial atom capacitively coupled to a transmission line with a characteristic impedance comparable or larger

than the quantum resistance. In this regime, microwaves are reflected from the atom also at frequencies far from the atom’s transition frequency. Adding a single mirror in the transmission line then creates cavity modes between the atom and the mirror. Investigating the spontaneous emission from the atom, we then find Rabi oscillations, where the energy oscillates between the atom and one of the cavity modes.

30
Nov
2020

# Sideband transitions in a two-mode Josephson circuit driven beyond the rotating wave approximation

Driving quantum systems periodically in time plays an essential role in the coherent control of quantum states. A good approximation for weak and nearly resonance driving fields, experiments

often require large detuning and strong driving fields, for which the RWA may not hold. In this work, we experimentally, numerically, and analytically explore strongly driven two-mode Josephson circuits in the regime of strong driving and large detuning. Specifically, we investigate beam-splitter and two-mode squeezing interaction between the two modes induced by driving two-photon sideband transition. Using numerical simulations, we observe that the RWA is unable to correctly capture the amplitude of the sideband transition rates, which we verify using an analytical model based on perturbative corrections. Interestingly, we find that the breakdown of the RWA in the regime studied does not lead to qualitatively different dynamics, but gives the same results as the RWA theory at higher drive strengths, enhancing the coupling rates compared to what one would predict. Our work provides insight into the behavior of time-periodically driven systems beyond the RWA, and provides a robust theoretical framework for including these in the calculation and calibration of quantum protocols in circuit quantum electrodynamics.

29
Nov
2020

# Quantum Sensors for Microscopic Tunneling Systems

The anomalous low-temperature properties of glasses arise from intrinsic excitable entities, so-called tunneling Two-Level-Systems (TLS), whose microscopic nature has been baffling

solid-state physicists for decades. TLS have become particularly important for micro-fabricated quantum devices such as superconducting qubits, where they are a major source of decoherence. Here, we present a method to characterize individual TLS in virtually arbitrary materials deposited as thin-films. The material is used as the dielectric in a capacitor that shunts the Josephson junction of a superconducting qubit. In such a hybrid quantum system the qubit serves as an interface to detect and control individual TLS. We demonstrate spectroscopic measurements of TLS resonances, evaluate their coupling to applied strain and DC-electric fields, and find evidence of strong interaction between coherent TLS in the sample material. Our approach opens avenues for quantum material spectroscopy to investigate the structure of tunneling defects and to develop low-loss dielectrics that are urgently required for the advancement of superconducting quantum computers.

27
Nov
2020

# Stark many-body localization on a superconducting quantum processor

Quantum emulators, owing to their large degree of tunability and control, allow the observation of fine aspects of closed quantum many-body systems, as either the regime where thermalization

takes place or when it is halted by the presence of disorder. The latter, dubbed many-body localization (MBL) phenomenon, describes the non-ergodic behavior that is dynamically identified by the preservation of local information and slow entanglement growth. Here, we provide a precise observation of this same phenomenology in the case the onsite energy landscape is not disordered, but rather linearly varied, emulating the Stark MBL. To this end, we construct a quantum device composed of thirty-two superconducting qubits, faithfully reproducing the relaxation dynamics of a non-integrable spin model. Our results describe the real-time evolution at sizes that surpass what is currently attainable by exact simulations in classical computers, signaling the onset of quantum advantage, thus bridging the way for quantum computation as a resource for solving out-of-equilibrium many-body problems.

26
Nov
2020

# Deterministic multi-qubit entanglement in a quantum network

Quantum entanglement is a key resource for quantum computation and quantum communication cite{Nielsen2010}. Scaling to large quantum communication or computation networks further requires

the deterministic generation of multi-qubit entanglement \cite{Gottesman1999,Duan2001,Jiang2007}. The deterministic entanglement of two remote qubits has recently been demonstrated with microwave photons \cite{Kurpiers2018,Axline2018,Campagne2018,Leung2019,Zhong2019}, optical photons \cite{Humphreys2018} and surface acoustic wave phonons \cite{Bienfait2019}. However, the deterministic generation and transmission of multi-qubit entanglement has not been demonstrated, primarily due to limited state transfer fidelities. Here, we report a quantum network comprising two separate superconducting quantum nodes connected by a 1 meter-long superconducting coaxial cable, where each node includes three interconnected qubits. By directly connecting the coaxial cable to one qubit in each node, we can transfer quantum states between the nodes with a process fidelity of 0.911±0.008. Using the high-fidelity communication link, we can prepare a three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state \cite{Greenberger1990,Neeley2010,Dicarlo2010} in one node and deterministically transfer this state to the other node, with a transferred state fidelity of 0.656±0.014. We further use this system to deterministically generate a two-node, six-qubit GHZ state, globally distributed within the network, with a state fidelity of 0.722±0.021. The GHZ state fidelities are clearly above the threshold of 1/2 for genuine multipartite entanglement \cite{Guhne2010}, and show that this architecture can be used to coherently link together multiple superconducting quantum processors, providing a modular approach for building large-scale quantum computers \cite{Monroe2014,Chou2018}.

# Superconductor Qubits Hamiltonian Approximations Effect on Quantum State Evolution and Control

Quantum state on Bloch sphere for superconducting charge qubit, phase qubit and flux qubit for all time in absence of external drive is stable to initial state. By driving the qubits,

approximation of charge and flux Hamiltonian lead to quantum state rotation in Bloch sphere around an axis completely differ from rotation vector of exact Hamiltonian. The trajectory of quantum state for phase qubit for approximated and exact Hamiltonian is the same but the expectation of quantum observable has considerable errors as two other qubits. microwave drive control is designed for approximated Hamiltonian and exerted on actual systems and shows completely different trajectory with respect to desired trajectory. Finally a nonlinear control with external μV voltage control and nA current control is designed for general qubit which completely stabilizes quantum state toward a desired state.

23
Nov
2020

# Cavity-enhanced Ramsey spectroscopy at a Rydberg-atom-superconducting-circuit interface

The coherent interaction of Rydberg helium atoms with microwave fields in a λ/4 superconducting coplanar waveguide resonator has been exploited to probe the spectral characteristics

of an individual resonator mode. This was achieved by preparing the atoms in the 1s55s3S1 Rydberg level by resonance enhanced two-color two-photon excitation from the metastable 1s2s3S1 level. The atoms then travelled over the resonator in which the third harmonic microwave field, at a frequency of ωres=2π×19.556 GHz, drove the two-photon 1s55s3S1→1s56s3S1 transition. By injecting a sequence of Ramsey pulses into the resonator, and monitoring the coherent evolution of the Rydberg state population by state-selective pulsed electric field ionization as the frequency of the microwave field was tuned, spectra were recorded that allowed the resonator resonance frequency and quality factor to be determined with the atoms acting as microscopic quantum sensors.

# Photon transport in a Bose-Hubbard chain of superconducting artificial atoms

We demonstrate non-equilibrium steady-state photon transport through a chain of five coupled artificial atoms simulating the driven-dissipative Bose-Hubbard model. Using transmission

spectroscopy, we show that the system retains many-particle coherence despite being coupled strongly to two open spaces. We show that system energy bands may be visualized with high contrast using cross-Kerr interaction. For vanishing disorder, we observe the transition of the system from the linear to the nonlinear regime of photon blockade in excellent agreement with the input-output theory. Finally, we show how controllable disorder introduced to the system suppresses this non-local photon transmission. We argue that proposed architecture may be applied to analog simulation of many-body Floquet dynamics with even larger arrays of artificial atoms paving an alternative way to demonstration of quantum supremacy
(Martin Leib: The topic of this article is a central theme of my entire work and yet the authors managed to ignore everything I have worked on …)