Lattice gauge fields via modulation in circuit QED: The bosonic Creutz ladder

  1. Hadiseh Alaeian,
  2. Chung Wai Sandbo Chang,
  3. Mehran Vahdani Moghaddam,
  4. Christopher M. Wilson,
  5. Enrique Solano,
  6. and Enrique Rico
In this work we propose two protocols to make an effective gauge potential for microwave photons in circuit QED. The schemes consist of coupled transmons whose flux are harmonically
modulated in time. We investigate the effect of various types of capacitive and inductive couplings, and the role of the fixed phase offset of each site on the complex coupling rate between coupled qubits. These configurations can be directly realised in a superconducting circuit and is easily extendable to a scalable lattice. Due to the intrinsic non-linearity of the transmon qubits such lattices would be an ideal platform for simulating Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonians with non-trivial gauge fields.