Ultrawide-range photon number calibration using a hybrid system combining nano-electromechanics and superconducting circuit quantum electrodynamics

  1. Philip Schmidt,
  2. Daniel Schwienbacher,
  3. Matthias Pernpeintner,
  4. Friedrich Wulschner,
  5. Frank Deppe,
  6. Achim Marx,
  7. Rudolf Gross,
  8. and Hans Huebl
We present a hybrid system consisting of a superconducting coplanar waveguide resonator coupled to a nanomechanical string and a transmon qubit acting as nonlinear circuit element.
We perform spectroscopy for both the transmon qubit and the nanomechanical string. Measuring the ac-Stark shift on the transmon qubit as well as the electromechanically induced absorption on the string allows us to determine the average photon number in the microwave resonator in both the low and high power regimes. In this way, we measure photon numbers that are up to nine orders of magnitude apart. We find a quantitative agreement between the calibration of photon numbers in the microwave resonator using the two methods. Our experiments demonstrate the successful combination of superconducting circuit quantum electrodynamics and nano-electromechanics on a single chip.

Quantum State Engineering with Circuit Electromechanical Three-Body Interactions

  1. Mehdi Abdi,
  2. Matthias Pernpeintner,
  3. Rudolf Gross,
  4. Hans Huebl,
  5. and Michael J. Hartmann
We propose a hybrid system with quantum mechanical three-body interactions between photons, phonons, and qubit excitations. These interactions take place in a circuit quantum electrodynamical
architecture with a superconducting microwave resonator coupled to a transmon qubit whose shunt capacitance is free to mechanically oscillate. We show that this system design features a three-mode polariton–mechanical mode and a nonlinear transmon–mechanical mode interaction in the strong coupling regime. Together with the strong resonator–transmon interaction, these properties provide intriguing opportunities for manipulations of this hybrid quantum system. We show, in particular, the feasibility of cooling the mechanical motion down to its ground state and preparing various nonclassical states including mechanical Fock and cat states and hybrid tripartite entangled states.